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Boosting First Nation economies a part of reconciliation

first_img(Businessman J.P.Gladu APTN/Photo)Trina Roache APTN National NewsAn Aboriginal business leader says the economy is a vital path for reconciliation with First Nations in Canada.J.P. Gladu was in Halifax recently talking to industry, government and Mi’kmaq and Maliseet peoples. He heads the Canadian Council for Aboriginal Business.Some of the 94 recommendations from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission focus on economic development. They call for “meaningful consultation” and “equitable access to jobs, training, and education opportunities in the corporate sector.”“The business lens is a way we can help reconcile,” said Gladu. “We can help empower our communities by providing direct source contracting, we can get more training in front of our people, as I mentioned we’ve got a strong demographic, that is a real asset to Canada but we’ve got be able to put the resources behind it to make it become a reality.”The news for First Nation economies on reserve has been bleak. A recent report by the National Aboriginal Economic Development Board (NAEDB) points out a widening gap for First Nations, with on reserve communities faring the worst.It puts the average income for Aboriginal people at $20, 000 a year, which is $10,000 lower than non-Aboriginal workers. The employment rate on-reserve sits at just 35 per cent.In the report, Chair of the NAEBD Chief Clarence Louie writes that “the opportunities for economic development for Aboriginal people today are greater than ever.” Yet at the same time, “Aboriginal people in Canada are currently not on track to achieving parity with non-Aboriginal Canadians.”Gladu says while Indigenous communities have been marginalized, he’s sees things changing for the better. He says First Nations just have to remember their own history.“We used to be amazing entrepreneurs back in the days of the fur trade, so we’re embracing that entrepreneurial spirit. There are a number of impediments in our way and past challenges that we’re still dealing with,” said Gladu. “But the timing is good. The idea of trades and skill development are top of mind especially with the Truth and Reconciliation Report that just came out so Canada is listening.”The Membertou First Nation in Nova Scotia is bucking the trend. The urban reserve situated in Sydney, Cape Breton, is an economic driver for the region. A growing business park features a mix of big box and small retail stores, a Hampton Inn Hotel, and the ever-popular Tim Horton’s.Chief Terry Paul’s office on the third floor of Membertou’s Trade and Convention centre overlooks the construction of a new sports centre.“Membertou’s own revenues top $100 million,” said Paul. “We employ 700 people at peak seasons. Those are all people with jobs, who pay taxes, or buy consumer goods, pumping more money into the economy.”Half of those jobs are non-Mi’kmaw people coming to work on the reserve. A sure sign that times have changed. But Paul said there’s still a lot of work to do, starting with public perception. It’s shifting, but he still runs into a lack of understanding.“People think we’re getting something the rest aren’t, that we don’t want to work, that we don’t pay taxes,” said Paul. “We do what needs to be done to educate the public. We are good to deal with, we improve the economy, improve the tax base of the city. The jobs here? The municipality benefits more than ourselves. We contribute.”The biggest obstacle to success for aboriginal business is the Indian Act. In the early 1900s, Indian Affairs bureaucrat Duncan Campbell Scott was famously quoted as saying he wanted to “get rid of the Indian problem.”“Despite all the barriers, we’re still here,” said Paul. “Making a living. We’ve adapted.”And now, Membertou is working on how to rid of the problematic Indian Act.“The Indian Act gets in the way,” said Paul. “Always the first thing to come up, it’s hard to do anything. The land designation process is ridiculous. A major hold up is in the addition to reserves. It takes four and a half years, on average, to designate lands. Compared to six months for the municipality.”Paul borrows a popular quote, “We need to move at the speed of business.”And the Indian Act is an albatross in more ways than one.“As we know, we can’t leverage, there’s no collateral,” said Gladu. “It’s really difficult to create or attract investment in our communities if there’s no safeguards to protect the investment.”Under Section 89 of the Indian Act, reserve lands or assets can’t be mortgaged or levied. It’s an issue that came up at the Standing Committee on Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development back in February.Andrew Beynon, Deputy Minister for the Lands and Economic Development with the department, said the provision “was originally intended to prevent unscrupulous creditors from taking advantage of individuals, but it has now become a key obstacle to raising capital.”Beynon outlined some of the “legislative tools” government has come up with to get around the Indian Act, namely a number of other Acts, including First Nations Land Management and Fiscal Management.Membertou, like many First Nations, is developing its own land use codes. So the band can decide what it will do with its own land. So it can continue to take advantage of its urban location, with a new highway interchange to draw in more traffic, more business.Location, Location, Location. If the real estate adage rings true, many reserves are remote or tucked away off the beaten path, plagued by poverty and high unemployment.Reserves are hemmed-in by artificially drawn boundaries. In Mi’kmaq and Maliseet territories in the Atlantic provinces, the Peace and Friendship Treaties never ceded land. Tripartite negotiations are on-going in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and PEI to establish how those rights to land and resources will play out in a modern context.“The Treaties open up huge possibilities,” said Paul, who’s also co-chair of the Assembly of Nova Scotia Chiefs. “On the table – ownership, employment, royalties, investments. The Supreme Court of Canada has told us our rights are real. Let us be part of the economy.”Paul said it’s vital for First Nations to develop their own-source revenues. Whether it’s an urban reserve pursuing commercial opportunities, or a remote First Nation utilizing its natural resources.“As Aboriginal People we recognize the value is our land,” said Gladu. “And that’s always been our starting point, as people, that’s where we get our sustenance from, and that needs to be on the table in negotiations when we talk to industry and government. Respecting the treaties, respecting our rightful place in Canada as a First People and leveraging our natural resources together. That’s our catalyst. That’s our starting point and that’s our strength.”But the reality is First Nations are often excluded from Canada’s economy, said Paul. And it shows.“Most times on reserve, standards of living, education levels, housing conditions, poverty, all in the negative,” he said.Paul, who sits on the National Aboriginal Economic Development Board, said, “There’s all kinds of money out there. But First Nations only have access to 0.1 per cent of one per cent of the available capital in Canada.”At the House of Commons Committee meeting for Aboriginal Affairs, Beynon said, despite the challenges, “There really should be some tremendous optimism. You have a growing reserve land base. You have greater closeness of First Nations with neighbouring communities as they expand. You have more and more experience of many First Nations with heavy-duty commercial activity. You have an increasing generation of tax revenues and this initial experience with bond financing.”“I would suggest again moving away from the Indian Act restrictions, which I think we’ve talked about both on lands and moneys management,” said Beynon. “We need to build more capacity and stable capacity among First Nation governments. We have programming where we try to do that. The more that they have the experience, and the direct capacity and knowledge of financial systems, the more effective they’re going to be at unlocking these opportunities.”Everyone agrees – First Nations have great demographics. A fast growing young population. The statistics show that 400, 000 aboriginal youth will enter the Canadian workforce by 2025. That potential is tarnished by the stats on education.The NAEBD reports a high graduation rate of 62 per cent. It is still lower than the mainstream Canadian population, but an improvement from levels a decade ago.The TRC has called on Ottawa to close the gap on education and employment by coughing up more money for First Nations.In Membertou, gains in the economic base translate into better education. The First Nation boasts a new $8 million state-of-the-art, eco-friendly elementary school. And a 100 per cent high school graduation rate in recent years.As the band’s economy has taken flight, said Paul, so has community pride. And he sees it at the annual youth conference Membertou hosts.“At first heard they all wanted to work for the band or be chief. And that’s great,” said Paul. “But now we’re hearing lawyers, accountants, police officers, and that’s even better.”Paul’s own son is in the third-year of a commerce degree.“And I asked him what he’d like to do, would he come back to the reserve? And he said, no Dad, I want to see the world, I hear the euro needs help,” said Paul.Paul laughs. But he’s proud. And though he hopes his son brings his smarts back to the reserve someday, he appreciates the “sky-is-the-limit” attitude.troache@aptn.ca@trinaroachelast_img read more

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Malian Spiderman Mamoudou Gassama Meets Mali President

Rabat- Yesterday, the “Malian Spiderman” Mamoudou Gassama, accompanied by his father, met Mali President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita.Gassama earned his nickname May 26 in Paris, when he scaled a tall fence and the side of an apartment building to save a four-year-old child dangling from the fourth floor balcony. The boy, left unattended, had apparently fallen from a higher balcony, and managed to grasp onto the railing below. President Keita thanked Gassama for his heroic act, saying “At a moment when… only one person could make the decision, it was you who made it. Of that, we are very proud. The 22-year-old Gassama left Mali in 2013, crossing the Sahara through Burkina Faso, Niger, and Libya, to eventually take one of the many boats from Libya that attempt to cross the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe. He arrived to Italy in 2014 but continued his journey to reach his brother, who has been living in France for a number of years. Since his arrival, he had been living in France as an irregular immigrant. Gassama had been living in shoddy migrant lodgings in Montreuil, an area in eastern Paris, with his brothers and cousins. That fateful day, however, has opened a new door of opportunity for the young migrant. After the rescue, French President Emmanuel Macron, met the young man at Elysee Palace to discuss his heroics. “I didn’t have to think, I ran across the road to go and save him,” Gassama said. “I just climbed up and thank God, God helped me. The more I climbed the more I had the courage to climb higher, that’s it.” In reward for his selfless act, Macron gave Gassama an award for his service, made him a naturalized French citizen, and offered him a job with the French fire service. Since he has returned to Mali to meet President Keita, Gassama has had a hero’s welcome. However on June 28, he is due back in France to sign his employment contract. Gassama joins the ranks of another Malian migrant to France, Lassana Bithily, who saved 6 people during a terrorist attack in January 2015. For years, migrants from Africa have been pouring into Europe to find better opportunities. This year, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), 49,570 have arrived in Europe, and 792 have died attempting the perilous journey.Photo credits: Getty Images read more

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UNbacked forum identifies areas of common ground on ending Somalias transition

“Above all, there was agreement on the need to place Somalis at the centre of the process, to act inclusively and in a spirit of partnership,” said Augustine Mahiga, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Somalia. The High-Level Political Meeting on Somalia that was held in Nairobi, the capital of neighbouring Kenya, was convened to exchange views and share information on a number of pertinent issues and to revive dialogue among Somali stakeholders.In a statement issued at the end of the two-day meeting, Mr. Mahiga noted that participants, who included the Speaker of the Transitional Federal Parliament as well as the leaders of two self-declared autonomous regions – Puntland and Gulmudug – and the country’s international partners, identified substantial areas of common ground.In particular, there was agreement on the need to end the transition according to the provisions of the Transitional Federal Charter, which calls for election of the President of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and the Speaker of the Transitional Federal Parliament and his deputies before the end of the transition period, namely August 2011.In February, the interim parliament voted to extend its mandate by three years beyond the August deadline by which it was to enact a new constitution ahead of general elections. Mr. Mahiga had criticized the move at the time, saying it was made in haste and without the required consultations. Other tasks which need to be completed during the transition period include political reconciliation and building civilian and security institutions.On the extension of the Transitional Federal Institutions, Mr. Mahiga said that it was proposed that the Transitional Federal Parliament could be extended for a period of two years. “This was not seen as an end in itself, but as a requirement to complete certain critical tasks, including preparations for eventual national elections,” he said. Related to this, there was also agreement on the need to accelerate progress towards a new federal constitution, he added. Somalia – which has not had a functioning central government since 1991 – has been torn apart by decades of conflict and factional strife, more recently with al-Shabaab Islamic militants. The UN Political Office for Somalia (UNPOS), which is headed by Mr. Mahiga, is tasked with helping Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon advance the cause of peace and reconciliation through contacts with Somali leaders, civic organisations and the States and organizations concerned. 13 April 2011A United Nations-backed meeting on Somalia concluded today with participants agreeing on the need to strengthen security and redouble efforts to combat extremism in the Horn of Africa nation, as well as complete a number of tasks before the transitional period ends in August. read more

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Attack on deminers in Afghanistan leaves 1 dead UN reports

Unknown assailants on Saturday shot at a vehicle belonging to the Afghan Development Association (ADA), a non-governmental organization, said David Singh, a spokesman for the UN Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA).The incident took place in Wardak Province on the main Kabul to Kandahar road, which has since been closed pending a security assessment.”The driver, an Afghan national was killed instantly and one of the two passengers – both national staff – was seriously injured,” Mr. Singh said. “The uninjured passenger traveled by foot to a nearby village for help.”According to the spokesman, UN Mine Dog Clearance vehicles later drove with the ADA passengers back to Kabul. “The motive for the attack is yet unknown,” said Mr. Singh, adding that local authorities are investigating. ADA has been working in Afghanistan for over a decade in demining and other sectors, including agriculture, education and community development. read more

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Kearl mine repairs hit Imperial oilsands output gas station sales boost profits

Kearl mine repairs hit Imperial oilsands output; gas station sales boost profits by Dan Healing, The Canadian Press Posted Oct 28, 2016 7:18 am MDT Last Updated Oct 28, 2016 at 10:40 pm MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email CALGARY – Lower production due in part to unexpected repair work at Canada’s newest oilsands mine was offset by near-record high production at one of its oldest in the third quarter, Imperial Oil (TSX:IMO) reported Friday.The Calgary-based company said its Kearl mine project averaged 159,000 barrels per day of bitumen in the three months ended Sept. 30, down 12 per cent from 181,000 bpd in the same period last year.Two financial analysts said in notes to investors that Imperial detected cracks in a component of its ore crusher unit during planned maintenance and had to extend downtime to make repairs. Imperial spokeswoman Killeen Kelly initially refused comment but later confirmed that cracks were found in a crusher chain and it had to be replaced.Kearl was built in two 110,000-bpd phases with the second phase starting production in mid-2015. The first phase, which began ramping up in 2013, was shut down for several weeks in late 2014 due to what Imperial said were mechanical issues that caused vibrations in its ore crusher unit. It’s unclear whether the latest issues were in the first or second phase of the project.Meanwhile, production at 38-year-old Syncrude Canada, in which Imperial holds a 25 per cent stake, delivered 85,000 bpd, up from 59,000 barrels in the year-earlier period, due to improved reliability.Imperial warned Friday that if low average prices for bitumen through the first nine months of 2016 persist until year-end, it could be forced to temporarily remove 2.6 billion barrels from proved reserves at Kearl under U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission rules. That’s more than half of the project’s total proved reserves of 4.6 billion barrels.It said it doesn’t expect a reserve writedown to affect operations or the outlook for future production volumes.A $716-million gain on the sale of its 497 service stations in the third quarter helped Imperial achieve a $1-billion quarterly profit for the first time since the second quarter of 2014, the company said. It sold the stations for a total of $2.8 billion to five fuel distributors.Net income more than doubled to $1.003 billion, or $1.18 per diluted share, for the third quarter — up from $479 million, or 56 cents per diluted share, in the same quarter last year.Revenue for the three months ended Sept. 30 was $7.44 billion, up from $7.16 billion in the third quarter of 2015.Follow @HealingSlowly on Twitter.Note to readers: This is a corrected story. A previous version said revenue in the third quarter of 2015 was $7.15 million. read more

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Afghanistan UN envoy condemns deadly suicide attack that killed 27 civilians

“On behalf of the United Nations in Afghanistan, I condemn, in the strongest terms, yesterday’s suicide attack in Khost Matun city, Khost province that killed 27 civilians and injured at least 10 others”, said Nicholas Haysom, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative in the country, expressing his deep condolences to the families of the victims.Yesterday evening, right before the Iftar – the meal when Muslims end their daily Ramadan fast at sunset –, a suicide bomber detonated a vehicle packed with explosives at an Afghan security forces checkpoint located near a bazaar.“A suicide attack near a community bazaar can never be justified. Those responsible for this indiscriminate attack must be held accountable,” added Mr. Haysom.Among those killed were three women and 12 children, points out the statement issued by the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), which Mr. Haysom heads. Six members of the Afghan security forces also lost their lives in the attack.The UN Envoy reiterated UNAMA’s repeated calls for the immediate ban of weapons which kill indiscriminately and to cease attacks in civilian-populated areas.The conflict in Afghanistan is resulting in thousands of people being killed or wounded, forcing families to leave their homes and seek refuge in neighbouring communities, according to Mark Bowden, the UN Secretary-General’s Deputy Special Representative in the country. read more

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UN rights chief concerned over collective expulsion of migrants after EUTurkey deal

“The declared aim to return all refugees and migrants contrasts with the assurances about individual assessments,” UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein said in a press release, pointing to what he termed “a contradiction at the heart of the agreement.”“If the safeguards are to be considered real, then the individual assessments must allow for the possibility that the persons in question will not in fact be returned. Otherwise it could still qualify as a collective expulsion,” he added.The provisions agreed by the EU and Turkey call for cases to be processed under the EU’s Asylum Procedures Directive, and goes on to state that “migrants not applying for asylum or whose application has been found unfounded or inadmissible in accordance with the said directive will be returned to Turkey.”Mr. Zeid expressed concern that this language presents a real risk of overlooking human rights law obligations, which require States to examine arguments against return beyond those found in refugee law.He said that such needs could arise, for example, in the case of children; victims of violence, rape, trauma and torture; individuals with specific sexual orientation; persons with disabilities; and a range of others with legitimate individual protection needs.He urged Greece to handle all individual cases with genuine attention to all protection grounds required under international human rights law, including at the appeals stage.Mr. Zeid also echoed the strong concerns expressed earlier this week by the Office of UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) over the use of detention for all new arrivals in the Greek islands, including children and other vulnerable persons.That appears to contravene a range of international and EU human rights laws and standards, including that immigration detention should be a measure of last resort, and the principle of “best interests of the child,” he said. The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child has emphasized that children should never be detained on the basis of their migration status or that of their parents.“This crisis is manageable if the EU acts on the basis of its own well-established and greatly respected laws and principles, and invests seriously in addressing root causes and supporting comprehensive solutions on the basis of international human rights treaties they have ratified,” Zeid said. “However, if the EU starts to circumvent international law, there could be a deeply problematic knock-on effect in other parts of the world.” read more

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Mob of up to 30 joined appalling attack on Croydon asylum seeker

first_imgThe Prime Minister has condemned a “despicable” attack on a young asylum seeker which saw a mob of up to 30 people beat the boy unconscious.Reker Ahmed was left for dead with a fractured spine, fractured eye socket and a bleed on his brain after police said he and two friends were singled out as refugees in a racially motivated attack.Police said the 17-year-old was set on at a south London bus stop when a small group of attackers was joined by 20 to 30 more. Shrublands in Croydon, LondonCredit:Reuters  a bus stop near the Goat Pub in Croydon Five people, including two sets of siblings, appeared in court on Monday charged with violent disorder following the attack.Daryl Davis, 20, Danyelle Davis, 24, Barry Potts, 20, George Walder, 20, and Jack Walder, 24, all from Croydon, south London, spoke only to confirm their names, dates of birth, and addresses during the short hearing at Croydon Magistrates’ Court on Monday afternoon.George Walder was also charged with racially aggravated grievous bodily harm.On Sunday police also arrested a 23-year-old man and a 17-year-old girl on suspicion of attempted murder and violent disorder.This morning a 19-year-old man was arrested on suspicion of attempted murder and violent disorder.Anyone with information about the attack should call police on 101 or Crimestoppers on 0800 555111. She said the attack was racially motivated and described it as a hate crime.She went on: “I think this was probably confidence by numbers. It started off with this smaller group of people who were joined by between 20 to 30 and they just viciously attacked these individuals because they were asylum seekers.”She said: “The victim had come from a friend’s house and the three individuals were waiting for a bus when the unprovoked attack occurred.”They were viciously attacked because they were asylum seekers.”Once they identified who these people were they attacked them in the most appalling way.”A total of 16 people had been arrested by Monday evening and the police had put out an appeal to identify others. Seven have been charged and seven remain in custody.Det Supt Corrigan said: “I genuinely don’t think people have gone out that night with the intention to commit this horrific attack.”You’ve got a really difficult mix of youth, the time of night, alcohol, and it only takes one person to say something that could spark off something massive – which is what I think has happened on this evening.”This is a random attack and the suspect and victims aren’t known to each other that we are aware of.” They were viciously attacked because they were asylum seekers. Once they identified who these people were, they attacked them in the most appalling way.Det Supt Jane Corrigan Shrublands in Croydon, London Police on Monday charged seven people, including two brothers and a brother and sister, over the attack, while others remain under arrest. Reker, an Iranian Kurd who has lived and studied in area for several months, has been scarred for life with severe injuries to his face, detectives said.Theresa May said the assault was “absolutely despicable”.Speaking at the start of a three-day trip to the Middle East, she echoed the comments of local Tory MP Gavin Barwell, who branded the attackers “cowardly and despicable scum”. Scotland Yard detectives have released CCTV pictures of others they are hoping to identify in connection with the Friday night assault.Det Supt Jane Corrigan, leading the investigation, said the attack was “an unprovoked attack as a result of him being an asylum seeker”. Mrs May said: “This was an absolutely abominable attack, completely unacceptable.”I absolutely agree with the sentiments of Gavin Barwell when he commented on this and I just hope that anybody who has any information about this will give that information to the police.”It is alleged the boy and his friends, Dilshad Mohammed, an Iraqi Kurd, and Hamo Mustafa, were first attacked at the stop near the Goat Pub in Croydon. Reker was then chased 100 yards into a housing estate, and severely beaten around the head and face until unconscious. The bus stop near The Goat pub in Croydon where the attack beganCredit:Reuters Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily  Front Page newsletter and new  audio briefings.last_img read more

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Karol Bielecki extends in Kielce until 2019

← Previous Story Telekom Veszprem present coach and Ljubo’s fiai Next Story → Veszprem beat Szeged in Hungarian derby The Polish left back Karol Bielecki signed new two years deal with Vive Tauron Kielce. The reigning champions will stay together with powerful shooter who came back to Kielce in 2012 after years in Germany (Rhein Neckar Lowen).The 35-years old Karol is one of the club’s legend:He is a role model – said Kielce’s president Bertus ServasSlawomir Szmal one more year at Vive Tauron Kielce! read more

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Hamas militants pretended to be women online to hack Israeli soldiers phones

first_img By AFP Sunday 15 Jan 2017, 7:40 AM Jan 15th 2017, 7:40 AM Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article 7,242 Views 18 Comments Hamas militants ‘pretended to be women’ online to hack Israeli soldiers’ phones Dozens of the predominantly lower-ranked soldiers were convinced enough by the honey trap to download fake applications. Share Tweet Email Image: Karly Domb Sadof/PA THE SMARTPHONES OF dozens of Israeli soldiers were hacked by Hamas militants pretending to be attractive young women online, an Israeli military official has said.Using fake profiles on Facebook with alluring photos, Hamas members contacted the soldiers via groups on the social network, luring them into long chats, the official told journalists on condition of anonymity.Dozens of the predominantly lower-ranked soldiers were convinced enough by the honey trap to download fake applications which enabled Hamas to take control of their phones, according to the official.The official however did not say how the army determined that those behind the scheme were from Hamas, the Islamist movement that runs the Gaza Strip.Hamas officials could not immediately be reached for comment.Viruses“The enemy knows the language of young people and installed viruses that can control the telephones of dozens of soldiers,” the official said.The actual damage done to the army was limited and the virus has been dealt with, the official added, but the army has decided to raise the issue publicly to warn soldiers of the potential dangers of social networks.“The existing potential threat can turn into a real threat to the security of Israel,” the source said.“We will disseminate and denounce the false profiles of Hamas, impose stricter rules for soldiers who are on social networks and train military personnel to react to attacks before it is too late.”Israel and Palestinian militants in Gaza have fought three wars since 2008.While the border between Israel and Gaza is relatively quiet currently, the two sides remain enemies and technology has previously played a role in the conflict.In March last year a Palestinian from Gaza was charged with hacking into Israeli military drones.- © AFP 2017.Read: The UN has negotiated the release of a vulture suspected of spying for Israel> Image: Karly Domb Sadof/PA Short URL http://jrnl.ie/3181339 last_img read more

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Allgirl Cub Scout pack in Ridgefield gets warm welcome

first_imgRIDGEFIELD — In the society of Scouting, there’s a long-standing tradition of little siblings tagging along while bigger siblings earn badges. Those little siblings are often girls.“They’ve been unofficial Scouts for years,” said Niah Henry. “This has been a whole-family activity all along, but the girls haven’t been able to earn the badges and wear the uniforms.”In the society of Ridgefield veterans, there’s a long-standing tradition of American Legion Post 44 supporting local Boy Scout and younger Cub Scout groups. The local branch of the American Legion has maintained a post on Pioneer Street for the past decade, according to commander Brian Laycoe, a retired physician who said he “got sidetracked for 40 years” before getting back to what’s really important.“We are focused on veterans support but also patriotism and Americanism,” he said. “The Boy Scouts are what Americanism is all about.”That’s a permanent and even timeless value, he said, but time marches on. “Lo and behold, kids grow up and packs change,” he said. “The national Boy Scout organization has been changing too.” Spurred partially by shrinking membership, the Boy Scouts of America have tried to widen their base and boost their numbers in recent years. They’ve ended bans on gay and transgender Scouts and gay troop leaders; they even took the radical step of opening membership to girl Cub Scouts.Is that really so radical? Laycoe said there’s nothing but support here in Ridgefield. “Our American Legion group is incredibly supportive of anything the Scout organization does,” Laycoe said. “We recognize that there’s a difference of opinion among some Boy Scouts, but it really doesn’t come down to the Cub Scout level. We recognize that there are some sensitivities at the older age. It’s as simple as having women in the football locker room. It’s that kind of issue.”last_img read more

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Rafinha Alcantara talks about future

first_imgBarcelona midfielder Rafinha Alcantara is confident his long-term future is at the Camp Nou and the ‘door has closed’ for any departure.In an interview with Italian publication SportMediaset quoted by Football Italia, Rafinha said:“It’s a clash between two sides at the top of the group, Inter are strong and I really hope they can progress in the Champions League.”“It’s a special match for me, and of course it’ll bring huge emotions. If I play and score then I won’t celebrate as a mark of respect: the Nerazzurri are always a part of me.David Villa, SpainQuiz: How much do you know about David Villa? Boro Tanchev – September 14, 2019 Time to test your knowledge about Spanish legendary forward David Villa.“I have a lot of friends in Milan, I talk to [Mauro] Icardi often. I had a great time there, I felt like I was part of a family.“I experienced exciting moments like the return to the Champions League which we achieved against Lazio, and of course I got back to playing after a long time out.“That said, I think the door closed this summer.“I’m still in touch with my former teammates, the medical staff and the directors, but the door is closed and I don’t think it can be re-opened. Now I’m happy at Barcelona.”last_img read more

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Skills Center cosmetology program gets a makeover

first_imgHours: Noon to 5 p.m. Monday through Thursday.Appointments: 360-604-1080. Walk-ins also are accepted.Cost: $5.50 for a basic haircut, $6 for a basic manicure, $10 for a basic pedicure, $12.50 for a facial, $15 for semi-permanent color.Where: 12200 N.E. 28th St., Vancouver.Information: www.ccskillscenter.com/cosmetology.htmlo The Clark County Skills Center’s two-year cosmetology program has 84 students enrolled. Students operate a salon open to the public and also are taught business management skills.o A total of 1,600 hours are required for a beauty operator’s license in Washington.Desi Scheu knew the Afro-textured dark hair on the mannequin would react to the bleach she applied to lighten it.“I knew I was going to tone it,” Scheu said Wednesday. “She turned really orange. I’m using a high toner of violet to cancel out the orange.” Scheu used a flat brush to apply a thick liquid to the human hair on the mannequin in front of her.Scheu, 17, is a second-year student in the cosmetology program at Clark County Skills Center. During the two-year program focused on both theory in the classroom and clinical experience, students spend a minimum of 1,400 hours working on hair, 100 hours on nails and 100 hours on facials, waxing and tweezing. The cosmetology program has been a part of the Skills Center since it opened in 1983, but in previous years, cosmetology students had their practical experience at an off-campus salon. In September, the Skills Center opened its own cosmetology building, which includes classroom space, lab space and a salon with public hours.Students attend Skills Center programs as high school juniors and seniors. This year, there are 64 first-year students and 20 second-year students in the cosmetology program. The popular program has a waiting list, said Margaret Rice, dean of students. Only three of the beginning students are male. All of the second-year students are female. The program’s advisory board hopes to increase the number of male students.last_img read more

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Nintendo Switch gets Disneythemed console but only in Japan

first_img Nintendo Switch Now playing: Watch this: Consoles Oh boy! Nintendo Japan Continuing on its path to world domination after the huge Marvel Phase 4 reveal, Disney has revealed it will be releasing its very own pink-and-purple Nintendo Switch console.The special edition console, only available in Japan, features designs based on Disney’s insanely popular Tsum Tsum line of sausage-shaped soft toys. The plump images of Stitch, Mickey and Minnie and Winnie the Pooh (I think?) adorn the Switch dock, while the right Joy-Con — in pink — features Mickey Mouse ears on the home button. News • Are you a Nintendo Switch docker or hander? Walmart $299 Mentioned Above Nintendo Switch (Gray) $299 Share your voice Best Buy Amazon 8:34 Comments CNET may get a commission from retail offers. The 29 best games on the Nintendo Switchcenter_img See It See It Tags Preview • Nintendo Switch: All the latest details $289 How To • How to transfer your Nintendo Switch account to a new Switch V2 Nintendo Switch Lite first impressions Review • Nintendo Switch review: Pure fun on a big-screen TV or on the go Nintendo Japan are suggesting that it’s a hidden Mickey, which is giving me Kingdom Hearts 3 flashbacks. According to the company, the Nintendo Switch featured in the pack will be the new model with increased battery life.The console is launching alongside the minigame collection Disney Tsum Tsum Festival on Oct. 10 in Japan. No word, right now, on whether or not we’re likely to see it outside Japan, but the bundle will ship for ¥36,000 (around $335). See it 29 Photos $299 See It Nintendolast_img read more

Read More Nintendo Switch gets Disneythemed console but only in Japan

ProBNP professionals demand polls under nonparty govt

first_imgLeaders of Shammilito Peshajibi Parishad hold a human chain programme in front of the National Press Club on Friday. Photo: CollectedLeaders of different pro-BNP professional bodies on Friday urged the government to hold the national election  under a non-party government after dissolving the current parliament.“The election has to be arranged under a neutral government. The people will not allow a unilateral election,” said Ruhul Amin Gazi, president of Bangladesh Federal Union of Journalists, at a human chain programme organised by Shammilito Peshajibi Parishad (Combined Professionals’ Council).Ruhul Amin Gazi presided over the human chain held in front of the National Press Club.The leaders said there is no scope for free and neutral elections under a non-elected government.It is not possible to hold a free and acceptable election by the election commission which is subservient to the government, they pointed out.The leaders also argued that the people could not cast votes in the recently held city corporation elections.They alleged the election commission has turned into a slave of a party by allowing vote rigging and massive irregularities.Ruhul Amin Gazi said the government depended on the police for survival. The government will be unseated through a movement under the leadership of BNP chairperson Khaleda Zia, he added.Shammilito Peshajibi Parishad member secretary AZM Zahid Hossain said there is no rule of law in the country. If the present situation continues, the state will turn into a dysfunctional one, he warned.There is no alternative to the people from all strata of the society to jointly take to the streets to restore voting rights and democracy, he said.“The election cannot be held without Khaleda Zia. We will not participate in any election without her,” Zahid said.Bangladesh Federal Union of Journalists secretary general M Abdullah said the government has enacted the Digital Security Act ahead of the election so that the corruption of the government, vote rigging and stuffing of ballot boxes before elections were not published in the media.He demanded unconditional release of former adviser to the caretaker government, Mainul Hosein and journalist Ibrahim Mandal.last_img read more

Read More ProBNP professionals demand polls under nonparty govt

Polls must be held even if any party quits Quader

first_imgAL general secretary Obaidul QuaderAwami League general secretary Obaidul Quader on Wednesday said the national election will be held as per the schedule even if any party stays away from it, reports UNB.He made the comment at a press briefing at Awami League president Sheikh Hasina’s Dhanmondi political office.Quader said, “There’s no doubt and confusion over holding the election. There’s no such news in the media about the uncertainty. If they (any party) quit, the election won’t be stopped. It’ll be held in due time.”Replying to BNP secretary-general Mirza Fakhrul’s allegation that the election is going to be held as per the government blueprint, Quader said, “They’re trying to implement the blueprint aiming to destroy the atmosphere of free and fair election at the directive of Tarique Zia who lives in London. We’ve no blueprint to destroy the election atmosphere. Our blueprint is to present a free, fair, and neutral election.”Asked what action will be taken against AL rebel candidates, Quader said, “The rebel candidates will be expelled forever after the last date of the withdrawal of nomination papers on 9 December.”Responding to BNP’s allegations that ‘there is no healthy environment for the election’, Quader said they have not experienced anything which can affect the election environment. “I can assure you the election environment won’t be disrupted by us….we won’t create any disorder.”But, he said, if they [opposition] want to make the environment chaotic, then Awami League will resist them with the help of people. “As the election is going to take place in a festive mood, they [opposition] are upset,” Quader noted.last_img read more

Read More Polls must be held even if any party quits Quader

Game on the iPad with an NES Controller and RoboTouch

first_img[via UberGizmo] RoboTouch isn’t so much a commercial product as it is a pet project of some folks at ProtoDojo who were looking for a way to combine their favorite console controller (the NES controller,) with their favorite touch-screen gaming platform (the iPad.) The gadget is actually a series of small robot arms that accept controls from an Arduino board that the NES controller is plugged into. Press the A or B buttons and different arms tap different parts of the screen. Use the directional pad and different arms on the other side of the iPad tap the screen there corresponding to your character’s movement controls. The video behind the jump shows one of the inventors using RoboTouch to play a game of Reckless Racing. Admittedly, the arms would have to be repositioned around the screen and re-tested depending on the game you’re playing. If you have a virtual on-screen joystick that requires you move your finger in a circle or requires constant contact to work, it might be tricky to use. Still, RoboTouch isn’t the kind of project you should expect to see on store shelves anytime soon: but if you love how-to projects and would get a thrill out of playing iPad games with an NES controller, this is the project for you. last_img read more

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Wisdom of the protists electron flow tricks for controlling cancer

first_img We can state this distinction more directly. eukaryotes run one very specialized version of the electron transport chain while procaryotes run a more generalized system of multiple simultaneously operating electron transport chains. In eukaryotes, it looks something like this:NADH → Complex I → Q → Complex III → cytochrome c → Complex IV → O2 NADH (dehydrogenase) is the electron donor, Complexes I, III and IV are proton pumps, Q is the membrane soluble mobile electron carriers—the quinone pool, and cytochrome c the soluble electron carrierThe prokaryotic chain (bacteria and archaea), on the other hand, includes multiple donors that can input electrons at three levels. Not only are there typically several different initial dehydrogenases used here, there are often different membrane soluble electron carriers that can contribute to the quinone pool, and multiple oxidases and reductases. Borrowing directly from Wikipedia, the generalized schematic looks like this: All schoolchildren learn that the difference between eukaryotes and prokaryotes has something to do with a nucleus. This is usually around the same time they learn that the mitochondria is the powerhouse of the cell. The real difference between these two life forms, however, has more to do with how they control the flow of electrons to make their living, i.e., their electron transport chains going from donors to acceptors via redox reactions. © 2018 Phys.org Although eukaryotes use just one instance of this chain, they have been able to borrow a few tricks from prokaryotes that they can call upon when needed. Under certain circumstances, reverse electron flow can occur at one or more of the respiratory complexes. One thing we left out in the eukaryotic chain above is complex II, which is a branch point that feeds into the Q pool. In a post here on Wednesday, we discussed in some detail how this particular enzyme system (Succinate dehydrogenase) is regulated in the brain by GABA to regulate mitochondrial access to purine nucleotides. Succinate dehydrogenase is also a major stop on the citric acid cycle. When there are local reversals in the direction of the citric acid cycle here, there must also be reverse electron transport at complex II in respiration.Quinones I have known and lovedA recent paper published in eLife describes how and when this occurs in a peculiar protist called pygsuia. The authors discovered that this organism makes a special kind of quinone using an enzyme that it acquired from bacteria by horizontal gene transfer. Pysugia is an anaerobe and it no longer retains full blown mitochondria. Instead, it uses remnant organelles similar to hydrogenosomes. Instead of using coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone), like humans use in their quinone pool, Pysugia modifies ubiquinone to a molecule called rhodoquinone (RQ) using a specific methyltransferase to replace one methoxy group with an amine. Credit: eLife (2018). DOI: 10.7554/eLife.34292 Credit: Matthew W. Brown et al / Proc. R. Soc. B. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.1755 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore furthercenter_img Citation: Wisdom of the protists; electron flow tricks for controlling cancer (2018, May 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-05-wisdom-protists-electron-cancer.html Journal information: eLife The beauty of RQ is that it retains all the structural assets that make ubiquinone so useful—essentials like multiple oxidation states and adjustable length lipid soluble isoprenoid tails for membranes of different thicknesses—but has a reduction potential significantly more negative than ubiquinone (-63 mv vs +100mv). What this means for electron transport is that the reverse reaction at complex II, namely the reduction of fumarate to succinate, becomes much more favorable. When there is no oxygen around (which is normally the terminal electron acceptor used at complex IV), there is little reason for organisms like pysugia to retain any respiratory complexes beyond succinate dehydrogenase. Therefore, they reoxidize RQH2 back to its original RQ form at complex II and generate succinate. Complex I can then cycle again. RQ is not the only alternative to ubiquinone. Bacteria frequently make use of the menaquinone (aka vitamin K2), which is the molecule we utilize for carboxylation of glutamate residues in our coagulation pathway proteins. Plants use phylloquinone (vitamin K1) in photosystem I, and plastoquinone in photosystem II, which has methyl groups in place of ubiquinol’s methoxy groups. Some makers of dubious anti-aging miracle molecules have been known to peddle various plastoquinone-related derivatives. One potential supplement called SkQ1 was specifically designed to penetrate mitochondrial membranes. Another, SkQR1 is a rhodamine-containing analog that has antioxidant and protonophore activity.Many mammalian parasites have a life cycle that requires transit through tissues with widely different oxygen levels in order for them to mature. Some of them, like the ascaris nematode, have managed to get the best of both worlds. They can print off different versions of complex II subunit, along with different Q pool electron carriers, and optimally run reverse electron transport as oxygen levels require. Adult ascaris worms live in low-oxygen intestines and expel their eggs with the feces of their host. When a larva is ingested by a new host, it hatches and invades its intestinal wall, then proceeds to migrate through the host’s organs until it eventually winds up in the lungs, where oxygen alters development. By some hideous magic only a parasite could appreciate, ascaris causes the host to violently cough up the maturing larva, after which they are subsequently swallowed and directed again to the small intestine. Here, they turn off production of complex III and IV, but can continue to make ATP by pumping protons and oxidizing NADH at complex I while recycling RQ at complex II. When organisms like ascaris, or E. coli, or C. elegans maintain dedicated enzymes for running reverse electron transport at complex II, these enzymes are called fumarate reductases as opposed to succinate dehydrogenases.If you need to kill any such parasite lurking within you, this can be a special thing. Researchers have uncovered compounds, like nafuredin, that specifically inhibit the NADH dehydrogenase complex in the mitochondria of helminths. Similarly, atpenin and flutolanil inhibit complex II at its quinone binding site. To appreciate why we said ‘controlling cancer’ in the headline, we need to open one final gift from science: Many human cancers can thrive in poorly vascularized centers of tumors or other low-oxygen pockets in the body. Of particular note, fumarate respiration has been observed in many kinds of cancer.Ascaris makes different varieties of each of Complex II’s four subunits; a flavoprotein subunit (Fp), iron–sulfur subunit (Ip), cytochrome b large subunit (CybL), and cytochrome b small subunit (CybS). Humans don’t have special RQ quinones, nor do they keep any bonafide fumarate reductase enzymes on tap. However, they do have two separate versions of the Fp subunit, and produce them both in most tissues. Researchers have found that many cancers including breast, lung and lymphoma preferentially make the type II Fp subunit.Genetic sequencing has revealed that several varieties of tumors, like pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma, are associated wth certain variants of complex II genes. These tumors are also associated with specific assembly factors that help construct and position complex II. Complex II is unique in that all its subunits are encoded in the nucleus. There is still some debate about where and how many complex II units get coordinated into larger respiratory supercomplexesthat can confine the Q and cytochrome C mobile electron carriers. It is now understood that the translation and early assembly of complex III and complex IV occur at the inner membrane boundary while that of complex V takes place deep in the cristae.Today, many new therapies depend on which particular variants you and your tumor happen to have. Before antihelminthic compounds become a standard of care tumor treatments, there are several other important enzyme systems that deal in quinones that may need to be fully investigated. For example, these include quinone biosynthesis enzymes, alternative oxidase, glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, and dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH).DHODH is a critical step in de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis and requires complex III to regenerate ubiquinone in order to function. Appreciating these many subtle links between electron transport and synthesis of the fundamental building blocks of life is critical to understanding what cancer is. More information: Courtney W Stairs et al. Microbial eukaryotes have adapted to hypoxia by horizontal acquisitions of a gene involved in rhodoquinone biosynthesis, eLife (2018). DOI: 10.7554/eLife.34292 Photosynthesis involves a protein “piston”last_img read more

Read More Wisdom of the protists electron flow tricks for controlling cancer